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Enlarged Prostate (BPH) and Prostatitis Topic Page

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The prostate is a gland located at the base of a manís bladder, behind the pubic bone and in front of the rectum. This gland, which is roughly the size and shape of a small crab apple, weighs only about an ounce in young men. It surrounds the urethra, the tube that carries urine away from the bladder and transports semen during ejaculation. A good way to envision the prostate is as an apple with the core removed, with the urethra passing through the middle.†

The prostateís primary function is to produce prostatic fluid, a component of semen. Also, during ejaculation, smooth muscles in the prostate contract to help propel semen through the urethra. Technically the prostate is not part of the urinary system. But because of its location and relationship to the urethra, the prostate can (and often does) affect urinary function.†

  • What is Enlarged Prostate?† When a man reaches his mid-40s, the area of the prostate that encircles the urethra begins to grow. This overgrowth of prostate tissue is called benign prostatic hyperplasia, or BPH. With continued growth, the expanding prostate may constrict the urethra, causing symptoms such as difficulty starting urination or a weak urine stream. BPH occurs in approximately 31 percent of men between the ages of 50 and 59, 36 percent of men age 60 to 69, and 44 percent of those age 70 and older. Not all of these men experience urinary tract problems related to BPH, but many do. Although BPH can cause a number of bothersome symptoms, it is not life threatening.†
  • What is Prostatitis? Also known as inflammation of the prostate, prostatitis is common and often frustrating. It can cause pain in the lower back and in the area between the scrotum and rectum (the perineum) and may be accompanied by chills, fever, and a general feeling of malaise. Nearly half of all men will develop prostatitis at some point in their lives.†

If you or someone you care about has BPH or prostatitis, obtaining accurate information is an important part of the treatment plan.

  • Youíll find articles on: sexual dysfunction, combination therapy, medications for chronic prostatitis, the importance of diet, overactive bladder, and much more.†

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The Best Treatment Strategies for BPH

The Best Treatment Strategies for BPH


Written by a team of top prostate specialists this essential guide presents the latest thinking on managing benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) or enlarged prostate. The report answers dozens of questions from patients searching for practical, no-nonsense advice on living with BPH. It provides a thorough discussion of your surgical options when medication no longer works, weighing the pros and cons of TUNA, TUMT, and TURP. Armed with the information in this guide, you'll be able to meet with your own physician and make the right decisions in your quest for the best possible outcome.

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Scientific American Prostate Disorders White Paper

2016 Prostate Disorders White Paper

This all-in-one comprehensive guide explains everything you need to know about your prostate -- what it is, what it does, and what problems can develop, such as prostatitis, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH or enlarged prostate), and prostate cancer. You'll learn key facts about prostate health, discover prostate treatments you never knew existed, and understand what your options are if you're ever diagnosed with prostate cancer.

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